Dr. Julian Banzon
The work of famous Filipino chemist Dr. Julian Banzon is centered on agricultural pursuits. This includes the search and exploration of native Filipino raw materials, and how they can be used as possible renewable sources of fuels and chemicals in society. One of the agricultural products that he has turned his eye onto and studied extensively is the native coconut. Dr. Banzon managed to come up with a scientific process in which coconut oil can be extracted through chemical means, instead of the regular physical ways that are more costly and time-consuming. This was a huge improvement within the industry.
Another field of focus for Dr. Julian Banzon has been the use of natural plants or animal waste products as fuel for machinery or other purposes, as well as how sugarcane can be a natural source of ethyl esters. These can be isolated from the main sugarcane plant, and then be used as a natural substitute for other synthetic types of fuel, or in pharmaceuticals. Through his laboratory work, Dr. Banzon has been able to devise a variety of ways in which this can potentially be useful to society as a form of energy. He has also published reports on the varieties of Philippine vinegars and their uses, extensive studies of coconut oils, and how to use cassava root for fermentation purposes.
Beginning his studies at the University of the Philippines, Dr. Julian Banzon graduated with a BS in Chemistry in 1930. He then went on to receive a PhD in Biophysical Chemistry from Iowa State University in 1940, making the source for renewable energy one of his main objectives. This is a topic that is still highly relevant today, and he was one of the first scientists to stress that need. The work that he carried out within the Philippines focused on local resources, which has been an approach that modern day scientists are just starting to emulate.
For the work that was carried out throughout his career, Dr. Julian Banzon has been awarded with a high number of various awards. These include the PHILSUGIN Award for research from the Crop Society of the Philippines, awarded in 1976, the Chemist of the Year Award in 1978 from the Professional Regulation Commission, and the Distinguished Service Award in 1980 from the Integrated Chemist of the Philippines, Inc. Dr. Banzon was recognized officially by the government in 1986 when he was made a National Scientist.
Dr. Alfredo Santos
Starting off his illustrious career as a professor of industrial pharmacy within the University of the Philippines, Dr. Alfredo Santos is most known for his research isolating alkaloids from various medicinal plants that are native to the Philippines. The ultimate goal of his research was to help lower the prices of pharmaceuticals, by finding natural alternatives that could perform as substitutes to the sometimes overly pricy imported materials that were so popular at the time. Many people in the countryside couldn't afford those imported drugs, and so there was a high need for these lower-priced alternatives that he helped champion.
The specific type of study that Dr. Alfredo Santos was able to contribute a great deal to was through isolating and elucidating the alkaloid known as phaentharine. He also served as Dean at the College of Pharmacy in the University of the Philippines. Prior to this, he received his own undergraduate degree from this same university in Pharmaceutical Chemistry, and Doctorate degrees both from the University of Santo Thomas as well as Westfalische Wilhelms Universitat in Munster, in 1929. These extensive credentials helped him to approach the issues that he was interested in from several different sides. He went on to study at the UST Research Center and the National Institute of Science and Technology, for further research opportunities in his field of choice.
The pharmaceutical industry within the Philippines benefited from this effort of Dr. Alfredo Santos , as he brought attention to the need for society to work on a higher level to try and find solutions to the rising and prohibitive cost of pharmaceuticals in the country. This has spawned other groups that have been dedicated to finding new solutions, and take a look at the richness of the botanicals that are abundant in the Philippines. Native alkaloids and other materials have been isolated and reworked into a number of different varieties, to simulate the effects of more costly drug options.
As a result of his work and contributions to society, Dr. Alfredo Santos became the recipient of a number of different awards. This includes his receipt of President Magsaysay's Distinguished Service Star in 1954. In addition to this, he also received the Outstanding Pharmacist Researcher of the Philippine Pharmaceutical Association award, and the PhilAAS Outstanding Scientist award. The final honor that every Filipino scientist aspires to was his being awarded the recognition as a National Scientist, in 1978 under the president Ferdinand Marcos.
Dr. Lourdes Cruz
As one of the current leaders in the study of peptides extracted from marine snails and their applications in neurology, Dr. Lourdes Cruz has had a fruitful career both in the Philippines and abroad. She graduated from the University of the Philippines with a BS in Chemistry, and then continued her studies to pursue a Master's and PhD in Biochemistry from the University of Iowa in the United States. After this, Dr. Cruz returned to the Philippines, where she began her postgraduate career as a research aid in 1962 at the International Rice Research Institute. Shortly after, she taught students as an assistant professor at the University of the Philippines Biochemistry Department, and advanced to full time professor in 1977.
After a stint as a research associate and professor at the University of Utah, Dr. Cruz went back to the Philippines where she is currently based, at the University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute. Throughout her career, she has focused primarily on the chemical breakdown of the conus snail and how it can be applied to those patients who have chronic pain or suffer from disorders that affect the central nervous system in the body. This is a primary focus of the Marine Science Institute where Dr. Lourdes Cruz is currently stationed. Dr. Cruz has published over 120 papers, many of which are dedicated to this particular topic.
The biochemistry of toxic peptides from the venomous marine snails has been of great interest to many scientists on an international level, but because they are so common in the Philippines and surrounding Pacific Islands, there is perhaps no better place to study their effects and biology. Dr. Cruz has contributed research that has helped identify over 50 peptides that are present in this venom, which are now used as biochemical probes inside the human brain. Because they are neurotoxins, they simulate the types of toxins that could also be present in such diseases as schizophrenia, for example.
In addition to her research work, Dr. Lourdes Cruz is also well known for founding the Rural Livelihood Incubator, which is a social program dedicated to alleviating poverty in rural areas. This is accomplished by helping the local people find job stability or other ways to make a living. Dr. Cruz is also the recipient of a number of awards, including the Outstanding Young Scientist Award from the National Academy of Science and Technology, and the National Research Council of the Philippines Achievement Award in Chemistry. In 2008, she was appointed to the rank of National Scientist.
Dr. Luz Oliveros-Belardo
Native to the Philippines, Dr. Luz Oliveros-Belardo is well known for her work studying the chemical compounds of various botanicals. That includes 33 different essential oils extracted from native Filipino plants, and extensive research into the medicinal uses of papaya enzymes. This included a landmark study on the green papaya fruit, and its tenderizing effect on beef, as well as work preparing soaps from native coconut oils and lye. One unique aspect to her work was that she took these enzymes and chemical compounds and distilled them into essential oils, which were then studied in terms of purity for their effects.
In addition to the main focus that Dr. Luz Oliveros-Belardo had on native herbs, plants, and fruits from the Philippines, she was also known for her work looking into the current state of the pharmaceutical industry, and was an advocate of the natural sciences in this realm. This included an international focus to pharmaceuticals that extended well beyond her home country. Dr. Oliveros-Belardo penned a number of studies examining the current state of the pharmacy industry and ways to make it better. Papers were published that included a look at education opportunities in Spain, Germany, and Switzerland.
Due to her dedication to the natural sciences, Dr. Luz Oliveros-Belardo was rewarded with dozens of awards and honors. That includes a Fulbright Travel Grant, a Scholarship to the University of the Philippines, an Award in Science by the Philippines Women's University, and the Philippine Pharmaceutical Association Outstanding Pharmacist Award by the Pharmaceutical Professional Philippines. She was responsible for advancing the position of women in the healthcare industry, and as a result received continuous awards and other recognition through such organizations as the Philippines Women's University.
Although she is the recipient of over 32 different awards and titles of recognition, what Dr. Luz Oliveros-Belardo will be most remembered for is the work she did in the natural sciences. By isolating so many different extracts and essential oils from nature, she changed the way that people looked at basic fruits that grow in the wild. That laid the groundwork for the pharmaceutical industry's current method of embracing botanical extracts and their very real effects on human health. The Philippines is home to some of the most potent natural resources in the world, and with the emphasis that Dr. Oliveros-Belardo put on studying their effects, the world of medicine has come to realize this and make further forays into their study.
Dr. Bienvenido O. Juliano
The study of rice grain quality has been the primary focus of the work that Dr. Bienvenido O. Juliano has worked on throughout his career. That includes extensive research into the properties of protein, starch, and other particles that make up a grain of rice. Through Dr. Juliano's efforts, scientists are able to measure potential grain quality as a genetic quality, and thus save time and effort in rice production. That has changed breeding strategies adopted on an international level, and has made rice not only more economically viable for breeders and farmers, but also richer in nutrients. By stripping each variety of rice grain down to its essential components, he has been able to pinpoint what the value is of each variety and combine them to create a more fully enriched and valuable end source of food for human consumption.
Dr. Bienvenido O. Juliano graduated from the University of the Philippines with a Bachelor's degree in 1955, and went on to receive his Master's and PhD degree from the University of Ohio in the United States in Organic Chemistry, to which he has since been completely dedicated in his career. Put in charge of grain quality research at the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines after his studies were completed, Dr. Juliano was mainly responsible for pinpointing the specific differences in between varieties of rice grains. He retired from the IRRI in 1993, and since then has been working as a senior consultant at the Philippine Rice Research Institute.
During this professional period of working in the Rice Institutes, Dr. Bienvenido O. Juliano has written over 370 scientific papers dedicated to rice chemistry. That includes several chapters of the American Association of Cereal Chemists paper, "Rice in Human Nutrition," and reports on world rice qualities. Dr. Juliano has also served as an academic advisor to many visiting research assistants, post doctoral fellows, and visiting scientists that have arrived at his laboratory from around the world.
As a result of his many contributions to the field of rice grain quality, Dr. Bienvenido O. Juliano has received a number of professional awards and qualifications. These include the Ten Outstanding Young Men Award in Science in 1964, as well as the Japanese Society of Starch Science Medal of Merit in 1982. Dr. Juliano has also been awarded the National Research Council of the Philippines National Researcher Award in Physical Sciences in 1993, and the ASEAN Outstanding Scientist and Technologists Award in 1998. Finally, in 2000 he was appointed to the highest rank of National Scientist in the Philippines.
Clara Y. Lim-Sylianco
A pioneer in the field of organic chemistry, Clara Y. Lim-Sylianco was responsible for contributing greatly to the world of knowledge about mutagens, anti-mutagens, and other reactions that are related to bioorganic issues. This research that was conducted primarily at the University of the Philippines helped earn her laboratory the distinction of becoming an international training center. This was bestowed upon it by the Research Planning in Biological Sciences, in Washington DC, in 1986. The laboratory was authorized to detect chemical mutagens, and to help aid in the training of others to detect these same mutagens out in the field.
In 1989, Clara Y. Lim-Sylianco was also appointed as a member of the International Advisory Committee on Anti-mutagens. During her illustrious career, she has managed to publish seven books and five monographs that cover a variety of topics that she has researched. That includes publications that address genetic toxicology, molecular nutrition, biochemistry, and organic chemistry, among other topics of interest. She is considered to be one of the leaders in this field, and is looked upon by the international community as an important source of knowledge and worthwhile researcher. Her publications are used as textbooks in universities throughout the Philippines and further abroad.
For her work, Clara Y. Lim-Sylianco was awarded a number of different awards and positions of significance. These include but are not limited to her appointment as an Elected Academician by the NAST in 1980, the Outstanding Faculty award by the University of the Philippines in 1985, and the CASAA Award of Distinction in Biochemistry in 1985. She also was a Fellow at the Royal Society of Chemistry in London, and the New York Academy of Sciences. This international experience has helped shape her work into organic chemistry and mutagens.
Within the Philippines, Clara Y. Lim-Sylianco contributed a great deal of knowledge to the research of native plants and their chemical makeup. She worked on a paper regarding the determination of oxalates and calcium in plants native to the Philippines, riboflavin levels, tryptophan, and the antimutagenic effects of vitamins on different parts of the body. These research results were published and compiled in many cases into organic chemistry textbooks for the public or students to take note of. To make notice of all this work, she was confirmed as a National Scientist of the Philippines in 1994, which is the highest honor that can be bestowed upon a working scientist by the President.
Dr. Baldomero M. Olivera
As one of the leaders of Neuro-Pharmacology, Dr. Baldomero M. Olivera has a distinguished reputation not only in the Philippines, but in the worldwide scientific community. His research has encompassed a variety of different subjects, including the different chemical reactions that might take place within the nervous system, and how these can be manipulated. This has led to the development of a pharmaceutical that works against chronic pain, perhaps even more so than morphine in some patients. That drug has been crafted using the research that he conducted on venomous marine snails, and the base ingredient, a specific type of peptide, may prove to be useful for further medication.
These peptide toxins, using marine snails as the source, were studied by Dr. Baldomero M. Olivera in a laboratory setting to examine how they operate in terms of targeting ion channels in the nervous system. This may also be related to the mechanism of neurological conditions including epilepsy or schizophrenia, which are caused by dysfunction in the receptors of the nervous system. Current research is still being undertaken to determine how these peptide toxins interact with the receptors and ions in the nervous system, and how this can be manipulated to find relief from neurological disorders.
This research has thus far been the life's work of Dr. Baldomero M. Olivera. He was born in the Philippines, and received a Bachelor of Science degree in chemistry from the University of the Philippines. Dr. Olivera then went on to receive a PhD in Biophysical Chemistry from Caltech in the USA, and completed postdoctoral research work at Stanford after this. Other important contributions that this period of research has uncovered is the discovery of E. Coli DNA structure, which he has also conducted extensive research into to help control this deadly disease.
Currently working as a professor of biology and neuroscientist at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Dr. Baldomero M. Olivera continues his research into the effects of snail peptides into pain relief and neurological activities. He has also become instrumental in emphasizing a more interdisciplinary approach at the Neuroscience Program at the university he teaches at, believing that the natural sciences benefit more from applying different intellectual viewpoints to the field. Dr. Olivera also teaches school children in the Philippines and surrounding islands about the biology of the cone snail, to help continue interest in the potential behind this small marine animal.
Dr. Ramon C. Barba
Born on August 31, 1939, Dr. Ramon C. Barba is one of the recipients of the 1974 TOYM Awardees for Agriculture, and has also received a number of other honors throughout his long and illustrious career. Dr. Barba is most known for his work in the horticulture field, and has applied those scientific studies to chemistry in an effort to improve the local and international knowledge of crops that are native to the Philippines. He received an undergraduate degree in agronomy at the University of the Philippines in 1958, and then followed this up with a Master's of Science in Horticulture at the University of Georgia in 1962, and a PhD in Horticulture from the University of Hawaii.
One of the most successfully breakthroughs that Dr. Ramon C. Barba managed to help pioneer was the discovery of a flower induction process to be used in local mango trees. This was achieved with the use of Potassium Nitrate KNO3, which stimulates flowering in a safe and natural way. This has led to the use of other chemical compounds in agriculture, for more prolific fruiting and flowering in the native trees and other plants. This was a huge stimulus to the native mango industry, which is now one of the most successful industries in the Philippines.
Other studies that Dr. Ramon C. Barba was successful in include taking tissue cultures from other plants such as bananas, cassava, and sugarcane. These were then studied to find the most ideal locations and methods for plant breeding. One way in which he differs from many other modern scientists is that he did not enforce his patents when he received them for his work, so that anyone can freely use the agricultural techniques and technology. That has helped improve the economy in the Philippines, which he has also helped enforce by giving lectures, publishing guides to production, and giving seminars to farmers and students who wish to improve their profits.
In 1970, Dr. Ramon C. Barba led a research group and started up a sugarcane tissue laboratory that dealt with tissue cultures in Hawaii. This was located at the Department of Agronomy, in the College of Agriculture, and funded by the Philippine Sugar Institute. The research that came out of these studies helped later to improve efficiency and reduce disease in the propagation of sugarcane plants, which is a major industry to this day in both Hawaii and the Philippines as a result. For all of these advances in agriculture, Dr. Barba has remained a big name in the agriculture field and will remain so while his practices are followed.
Dr. Solita Camara-Besa
Managing to distinguish herself in the field of biochemistry, Dr. Solita Camara- Besa was the first Filipina to receive distinction in this field that was previously only accessible to men. She received a medical degree from the University of the Philippines in 1938, and then went on to pursue a Master's degree in Biological Chemistry at the University of Michigan in 1940. In Dr. Camara-Besa's work throughout the years, there has been a heavy emphasis on nutrition in the Philippines. By looking at nutritional elements on an individual level, she has been able to establish new standards in diets for local people.
One of the specific areas of nutrition that Dr. Solita Camara-Besa studied extensively was the cholesterol levels of different foods in the Filipino diet. She published eight papers that discussed this issue, encouraging the idea that fats and cholesterol in the diet could lead to atherosclerosis in Filipinos. This was then also combined with further knowledge and research into the sodium and potassium content of other foods that are typical to the Filipino diet. To help collect this information, Dr. Camara-Besa conducted a nationwide serum cholesterol survey of the population. This helped lead to the results that were then published in her papers.
In 2004, Dr. Solita Camara-Besa published a memoir entitled "Up Close with Me," which was published by the University of the Philippines Press. This detailed her work as a woman and a Filipina and all that she had accomplished throughout her busy lifetime in helping boost the nutrition levels of the people around her. She has worked as a medical educator for women doctors as well, and was the chair of the University of the Philippines College of Medicine Curriculum Committee for over three decades, helping shape what is taught to aspiring doctors and nutritionists.
Some of the published studies that Dr. Solita Camara-Besa has taken part in include various studies on vitamin C, including its content in regular Filipino blood, compared to maternal blood or those individuals with leprosy. In 1953 she released a bibliography of nutrition and its related topics, with a heavy emphasis on experimental research topics in nutrition. In the 1950's she also began her work on the sodium and potassium content that is present in various Philippine foods, and compared the dry ashing and wet ashing techniques of the extraction process for electrolytes, along with a potassium analysis of human hearts.
Dr. Quirino O. Navarro
With significant contributions to nuclear science, Dr. Quirino O. Navarro is a leading chemist in the Philippines. He was born in 1936 and graduated from the University of the Philippines with an undergraduate degree in Chemistry in 1956. After this he went on to receive a PhD in Nuclear Chemistry at the University of California in 1962, during which time he worked on a variety of research opportunities as part of his studies. These are all based around the physical sciences in chemistry, including a heavy emphasis on nuclear chemistry and its applications.
Some of the major discoveries or other contributions that Dr. Quirino O. Navarro has made in the scientific arena include his determination of different nuclear properties in the isotopes of such substances as dysproposium, einsteinium, and californium. These were achieved using innovative cryogenic techniques. The findings of these studies were published in two separate books, and three nuclear science journals, making them well known to the nuclear science community. To back up his claims and prove the results of this research, the findings were later confirmed using more advanced experimentation and instrumentation at the University of California at Berkeley.
Other areas of study that Dr. Quirino O. Navarro has distinguished his work in include neutron spectrometry and crystallography, along with instrumentation process and their applied techniques. Some of the specific topics that are covered in his documented experiments include a table of isotopes, perturbed angular correlations, alpha decay, and thermal equilibrium in nuclear orientation. He has studied the static and dynamic structure of various solids, for example, using instrumentation including neutron spectrometry.
A great deal of this foundation work completed by Dr. Quirino O. Navarro was carried out in the two decades that he began his studies in, the 1950's and 1960's, a time when nuclear chemistry was still undergoing a great deal of changes. This is why he is considered to be an extremely important international contributor to this particular field of science, which has since come forward in leaps and bounds. In his later work, Dr. Navarro made strides with the computerization of instruments used to analyze nuclear chemistry in all its facets, and has helped bring the science into the present day. He continues to give lectures and conduct research, isolating further components of nuclear and organic chemistry, and works with visiting researchers and other scientists from his laboratory, in California and the Philippines alike.
Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza
The work of Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza is well known, as she was recognized for her research in the field of plant biochemistry. That includes the chemicals and biology of the coconut plants, and various factors that affect the mung bean. Her work with mung beans was meant to help analyze the nutritional factors and worth of the plant, for a higher level of nutrition for the public. This also helped with breeding, planting techniques, and a wide variety of other factors that affected the agricultural world, to help make plants grow better and improve their economical worth in the long run.
Other areas that Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza helped pioneer include various biochemical sources of resistance to pests or illness, without having to resort to chemical protection. She also studied how cassava and sweet potato could be grown and bred to be resistant to these pests. The main area of focus for Mendoza was how these plants that are native to the Philippines would be able to meet their full potential, and how local farmers could manage to achieve their goals with these plants.
Some of the topics that Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza covered in her extensive writings and experiments that she undertook include the determination and removal of alkaloids that were derived from vegetables native to the Philippines. Another topic was how to make avocado roots resistant to root rot disease, and how to make tomatoes resistant against bacteria wilt. Corn was another plant that she turned her attention to, finding biochemical methods to protect corn crops against pests and the downy mildew that has affected so many crops in the Philippines. Isolating these pests and venoms was a good way that she found to find resistant methods to help protect the fragile plants lying underneath.
These findings from the research studies of Evelyn Mae T. Mendoza have been published and have led to a series of seminars and lectures for those in the agriculture industry. The need for natural forms of protection against pests that flourish in the Philippines has created the urgent need for further study of all these various mechanisms, but these studies were a very important first step in the right direction. That is particularly true for those plants such as the sweet potato that hadn't received as much attention as they should have in the past. With the foundation put in place, all of the native plants have been studied in further depth after Mendoza's initial studies.
Anacleto Del Rosario
Known as the Father of Laboratory Science in the Philippines, Anacleto Del Rosario worked as a chemist during the Spanish period of the Philippines history. The owner of several different drug stores in the Philippines where he worked as a professional chemist. Rosario managed Botica de Javega, which was located in Escolta. This was co-owned with other chemists, but he also went on to establish his own Botica San Fernando in the town of Binondo after his initial period of success. During this time he also worked on many different scientific experiments in his own laboratories that he had built for the purpose, to help advance the field of Philippine science.
What Anacleto Del Rosario is perhaps best known for in the rest of the world is winning first prize at the World's Fair in Paris in 1881. This was due to his discovery of alcohol production from native Filipino Nipa palm trees that managed to be completely odorless. This formula was then sold to Ayala and Company, who helped exhibit it in Paris at the World's Fair that year. Rosario was a champion of the native botanical properties and possibilities of the botanicals that were native to the Philippines, and conducted a series of experiments into their use for pharmaceuticals and other mutable properties.
In addition to the accolades that Anacleto Del Rosario received for his work on producing the odorless alcohol from Nipa palm trees, he also received a number of other important distinctions from the professional sector of the era. In 1882, he was appointed a pharmacist-member of the Sanitary Commission, located in the 8th district of the capital city of Manila. This allowed him to complete work into making society better through hygiene and sanitation, which at that time was a big problem in the urban areas of the country.
Also in 1882, Anacleto Del Rosario received a doctor of pharmacy degree from the University of Santo Thomas. He was then appointed a professor of chemistry and pharmacy at this same academic institution. Publishing several important documents detailing the features and uses of native botanicals and minerals in the next few years, he was then named as the municipal pharmacist in the northern district of Binondo, Philippines, where his first pharmacy was also located. In later life, he was distinguished as the director of the Municipal Laboratory of Manila and the cofounder of the College of Pharmacists in 1891.
Rolando De La Cruz
Although he has dabbled in a wide array of subject matter, Rolando De La Cruz is most well-known for his medical advances into the non-surgical removal of skin growths. These include warts, moles, and any other type of blemishes that previously could only be cut out or removed with laser surgery. This has been a huge step for those with birthmarks or mole problems that wouldn't have been able to afford their removal in the past. To achieve this, he has completed extensive research into various nuts and herbs that grow naturally within the Philippines.
One of these formulas invented by Rolando De La Cruz is called DeBCC, which is an anti-cancer skin cream. This is formed from compounds found naturally in cashew nuts, along with a variety of other botanicals that are found in the Philippines. This can be used to treat Basal Cell Carcinoma, which is a quite common form of skin cancer. The causes of skin cancer include sunlight and its radiation from UV rays, which the compounds within cashew nuts are able to block and restore the skin to its former vitality. In 1997, De La Cruz founded the RCC Amazing Touch International Inc., which is a company that runs experimental clinics throughout the world that help push forward this research into ever more complex precision.
For his work in the battle against skin cancer and the use of indigenous botanicals in his research, Rolando De La Cruz has received a number of accolades. These include the Tuklas Award for Most Outstanding Invention in 1998, awarded by the Department of Science and Technology at the University of the Philippines. The formula created from cashew nuts has also won a gold medal in 2000 from the International Invention, Innovation, Industrial Design and Technology Exhibition in Kuala Lumpur. In 2005, he was awarded the International gold medal from the IENA International Inventor's Forum in Germany.
Another unique component of the formulas that have been perfected by Rolando De La Cruz is that they are not known to have any side effects in a normal, healthy user who is not allergic to any of the ingredients. That is in sharp contrast to the potential side effects of other skin cancer remedies, such as laser surgery or other surgical options. To this day, De La Cruz continues to pursue further research efforts into the fight against skin cancer, and a quest for healthier skin overall.
Pio Andrade Jr.
There are a number of different scientific fields that Pio Andrade Jr. has managed to excel at, including his studies into the world of radiation chemistry, food product development, ethno-botany, and the energy levels of biomass. He has also delved into the world of textile chemistry. With such a wide array of different interests, Andrade has managed to distinguish himself professionally and contributed to the economy of the Philippines with his findings, which have a direct impact in many cases on the different industries that he has discussed in his publications.
One of the more controversial sides of the work that Pio Andrade Jr. has completed is his publication of a book about the food industry, called "The Fooling of America." This was written after he completed extensive studies into food technology and handling practices, which he has a high interest in. He graduated from the Mapua Institute of Technology with a Bachelors of Science degree, and then went on to pursue his graduate studies at the University of Florida in 1974, studying food technology at this time.
In his academic and professional life, he has also received a number of honors for his work around the world. Pio Andrade Jr. was named an associate member of Sigma XI, at the Scientific Research Society of America, for his work that was completed about the subject of pesticide biodegradation. Andrade has also published a number of journalistic pieces about his research, and has shown an interest in writing a history column for the Philippines Daily Inquirer, that discusses the history of agriculture and how this all relates to technology and chemistry.
In addition to his research work in the world of chemistry, Pio Andrade Jr. has also received professional experience as a freelance technical consultant. This includes working closely with organizations, non-profits, government offices, and religious groups throughout the world. His expertise in food growth, technology, and rural industrialization have helped those who are interested in more sustainable food sources for impoverished areas or as a safe guard against the future. Agriculture and its applications are the primary focus however of Andrade, despite his many professional pursuits. He still researches not only the history of agriculture, but what the best practices are to keep it alive and relevant in different communities throughout the world. This has led to him being a lecturer in many different venues, as well as a published author.
There have been many chemists over the years that have been primarily concerned with diet and nutrition, and one of the most important in the Philippines was Francisco Santos. He worked not only on the scientific side to try and break down the chemical composition of foods that are indigenous to the area, but also on a humanitarian side to improve the diet of those locals living in impoverished areas of the country. This was accomplished throughout his career in a methodical manner, with research being used to create data that was then presented to government agencies and the public in the spirit of ongoing education.
Another area in which Francisco Santos was able to make positive strides for was in establishing the Anti-Beriberi content of sweet potatoes. Although home gardening is now considered to be a valuable component of a healthy lifestyle, as part of a backlash against the fast food industry, at the time this is exactly what Dr. Santos advocated in deprived Filipino communities. He believed with the use of nutritious local foods, that growing problems of diet and nutrition could be solved. He placed a high emphasis on the importance of fresh fruits and vegetables in the diet, which has lasted until this day thanks to the chemical and vitamin analysis that he was able to perform on these foods.
Before becoming a nutritionist, chemist, and social advocate, Francisco Santos began his career by attending the University of the Philippines for his undergraduate degree as well as his MS degree. He then attended Yale University and received his PhD in Agricultural Chemistry in 1922. This was used as a jumping off point for his further studies and research programs that feature a very heavy agricultural component.
As a result of his extensive work in the humanitarian industry, as well as his dedication to nutrition research, Doctor Francisco Santos was awarded a Distinguished Service Medal in 1955, which recognized his contributions in the nutrition field of the Philippines. He also was awarded the University of the Philippines Alumni Award in 1979, and the Andres Soriano award for excellence in the field of chemistry, in 1956. These were but a few of the professional recognitions and awards that were awarded to Dr. Santos, but his legacy as one of the first proponents of a nutritious diet in the Philippines has been revered by many advocates in the past century.
The invention of the Quink form of pen ink is credited to the Filipino chemist, Francisco Quisumbing. This unique form of ink is quick drying, with a special cleaning property that manages to keep the pen clean while it is writing. It also remains in a liquid state within the tube, so that it doesn't manage to get clogged with use. These pen inks are used by the Parker Pen Company, and date back to 1923. At one point after World War II, he tried to create his own ink company, using funds from the Japanese Reparations Program. However, this proved to be unsuccessful due to political factors and post war confusion. Although pen ink is the invention that Quisumbing is most famous for, he also was an inventor throughout his lifetime.
To begin his long and illustrious career, Francisco Quisumbing attended school at the University of the Philippines, earning his BSA in 1918. He also received a Master's degree at the University of the Philippines in 1921, and a PhD in Plant Taxonomy, Systematics and Morphology at the University of Chicago in 1923. This chemical basis of his education allowed him to experiment with the botanicals and other ingredients that would help make him so successful in the pen ink business.
He then went on to work at several different universities as well, including the College of Agriculture in the Philippines. Francisco Quisumbing worked at the University of California in 1926, and then went on to become the Acting Chief of the Natural Museum Division of the Bureau of Science in Manila. During the war, he was assigned to the US Navy in a remote location at the southern tip of Samar, where he ascended with his research and attention to detail. This included restoring facilities such as the Herbarium that were destroyed during the wars in this region.
In addition to these facets of his career and work in the ink industry, Francisco Quisumbing also found the time to pen a number of morphological and taxonomic research papers. This includes an extensive account of his work with orchids, including his famous "Medicinal Plants in the Philippines," which was published in 1951. Throughout his lifetime, he managed to focus on an astounding variety of different botanical fields of research, while at the same time finding new ways to apply them in a practical manner. However, it's the invention of the Quink ink that has lasted to this day and will be his legacy.